Lead: At the Yalta conference in February 1945, the soon-to-be victorious Allies struggled to determine the shape of postwar Europe and to create a mechanism to prevent future global conflicts.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When the Big Three, Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin, met, they had to finalize the fate of those countries liberated after being conquered by Germany in the early years of World War II. Poland, the Baltic states, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Bulgaria, and Romania had all been taken by the Red Army at excruciating sacrifice. Stalin was reluctant to give them up. Therefore, the Western governments, who had made an alliance of necessity with the Soviet Union in the fight against Nazi Germany, were faced with the reality dictated by Russian boots on the soil of Eastern Europe.

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