Lead:  In the spring and summer of 1865 the Confederate States of America disappeared. Why did the South lose its great crusade?

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The silence of the guns at Appomattox represented for the former slaves the start of a new way of life and theoretically, at least, the promise of freedom and prosperity. For white southerners the end of active rebellion meant the beginning of a long period of struggle almost as bad as the war itself. Added to the sting of defeat and subsequent occupation by Federal troops, was the wrenching social adjustment necessary if the two theretofore considered unequal races were to live together in harmony. The requirements of the peace forced white southerners to accept as fellow citizens men and women of color whom many whites considered sub-human and at least in part for whose subjugation over a quarter million Southern sons had just died. As these troops who had endured enormous sacrifice returned to their homes, they might have wondered how they got to this place.

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