Lead:  Confronted by Abraham Lincoln's implacable determination to end the Rebellion and an overtaxed economic system, the Confederate armies finally ran out of men.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Civil War casualties were enormous. Strategy and tactics to prevent this slaughter had not kept pace with the improvement in weaponry. Industrial technology had made it possible to kill people in huge numbers. While the dead and wounded on both sides were approximately the same during the course of the war, Southern casualities were drawn from a much smaller pool of eligible fighters. The white population of the South was 5.5 million. By contrast Northern states had 22 million citizens. Now the South had 4.5 million slaves who were able in many cases to relieve whites to go off to war, but not until the end of the war, after much soul searching, did the Confederate Congress authorize the use of slaves in the Army. With memories of John Brown fresh, Southerners were loath to put a gun in a black man's hand. Howell Cobb of Georgia spoke for many when he warned, "use all the Negroes you can get, as hewers of wood and drawers of water, but don't arm them. If slaves will make good soldiers, our whole theory of slavery will be proved wrong."

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