Lead:  Facing a Federal government which was determined to prevent it from going its own way, the Confederacy had to fight for its life. If pride and energy could take the place of cast cannon, the South might have succeeded.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the middle of the nineteenth century, the economy of the Southern United States, was in large part a brilliant creation of the Industrial Revolution. The principle of division of labor had established in the South a ready source of raw materials which were then transformed into fabricated products in Northern and European factories. Thus, the South's prosperity was based on its supply of staple crops: cotton, rice, tobacco and sugar to industry elsewhere. For all its cultural and social brilliance, the South before the Civil War was very similar to a developing economy in the twentieth century. In a pre-scientific agricultural era, its increasingly depleted fields supplied raw materials to factories in England and the North. With the coming of disunion the economic inequity became quickly apparent.

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