Lead: In 1861, the US Navy discharged James Waddell so he might join the Confederate Navy, but they neglected to give him his back pay. It was a big mistake.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: For twenty years James Waddell served the US. Navy as an effective and respected officer. An orphan, raised by his grandparents in North Carolina, he owned no property in the South nor did he own slaves, but he was caught up in that emotional struggle between loyalty to state and loyalty to nation that affected so many on both sides in the run-up to the American Civil War. Like Robert E. Lee, he could not bear arms against his people or the South. When he completed his last cruise in January 1862, the Navy offered Waddell a good command to keep him from resigning, but when he persisted, forced him to sign a parole promising not to fight against the United States. He went home to Annapolis expected to sit out the war in honor of his promise, but when the letter accepting his resignation arrived from Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles, it did not contain his back pay. He considered this failure to have voided his parole oath. In late March Waddell received a commission in the Confederate Navy.

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