Lead:  Fired by the dream of independence for his country, Ho Chi Minh spent a lifetime trying to find the right combination of forces necessary to get the French out of Vietnam.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By the early twentieth century, the French had for the most part pacified Vietnam.  France built roads, bridges, schools patterned along French lines and opened the door to foreign investment. Two basic approaches informed the French in their rule of Vietnam. One group of French leaders, mindful of the national history of Vietnam which was centuries older than France itself, argued for association in which the French, like the British in India, would govern Indochina through existing native institutions. Another group advocated assimilation which presumed that nothing could be better for Asia than for its people to adopt the ideas and culture of France. This dispute would continue until France left Vietnam in 1954, but practically France ended up ruling Indochina directly.

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