Lead: The alliance of politics and religion proved a revolutionary formula for in England during the 1640s. For King Charles I it was deadly combination.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: Estranged from many in his Kingdom, desperate for new sources of money, and caught in a war of his own making in Scotland, Charles Stuart, King of the English and the Scots was forced to call Parliament to meet, something he had put off for eleven years. When the members came to Westminster in the Spring of 1640 and then again in November, they forced upon Charles reforms which secured a permanent roll for Parliament in national affairs. They broke the power of two of the King's closest advisers, Archbishop William Laud and Thomas Wentworth, Earl of Strafford, eventually executing both.

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