Lead: The first colony of the United States was an unofficial way of dealing with the problem of black slavery:
send them back to Africa.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: One of the nagging problems left for future resolution by the Founders was what to do about the
millions of black slaves. The Second Continental Congress did debate the issue, but, over Thomas Jefferson's protests, the premier accomplishment of this body, the Declaration of Independence, with all its elegance and high-flying rhetoric, failed to make the obvious connection between principle and practice. It read as if the slaves did not exist. At least the Constitutional Convention of 1787 recognized their presence, but the solution there was muddled and revealed once again that on the question of black slaves the Founders were bitterly divided. For the purpose of representation in the new House of Representatives, each slave was counted as three-fifths of a human being. It was not the infant republic's finest hour.

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