Lead: With the Continent devastated, the one institution that might have helped was badly distracted.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time", with Dan Roberts.

Content: Beginning in 1348 the Black Death began to claw at the population of Europe. If the loss of as much of one third of its people in certain places was not enough, at the same time England persisted in its attempt to conquer France, to make matters worse, the Roman Catholic Church was deeply divided. From 1309-1376 the leadership popes of the church lived in the city of Avignon in southeastern France. This period has come to be known as the Babylonian captivity, taking its name from the 70-year exile of Hebrews in Babylon as described in the Old Testament.