Lead: In 1585 and then again in 1587 Sir Walter Raleigh sent colonists to the coast of what is now North Carolina. The last colony was the lost colony.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Tension with Spain had been growing for several years as England began looking for a base in North American from which to conduct privateer raids against Spanish shipping in the Caribbean. There was also a hope that, just as in the case of the Spanish colonies in the south, gold and silver mines might be there for the taking. Raleigh sent his first group in 1585 to Roanoke Island in the Outer Banks. The choice of a site proved a poor one. The soil was infertile, the water supplies meager and the erratic weather and shallow inlets of the region have earned it the well-deserved reputa-tion as the "graveyard of the Atlantic."