Lead: In the wee morning hours of April 30, 1975, the second Vietnamese War came to an end.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: One of the great mistakes made first by the French and then by the United States during the various stages of the Vietnam Conflict was the failure to understand it as a civil war. In 1945 the Vietnamese were divided. Probably most people in Vietnam wanted to be left alone to live out their lives with ancient habits undisturbed. Others were attached to the colonial French and welcomed their return after the defeat of Japan. Others were nationalists, wishing to be rid of the French, but desiring to adopt western patterns of democracy and market economics. A very small minority, led by Ho Chi Minh, were also nationalists, but were attracted to Communist system. Where would Vietnam go?