Lead:  The struggle convulsing the former Yugoslavia in the 1990s has its roots in ancient patterns of war and conquest. One of the powerful symbols that is used even today to enflame Balkan passion is the story of the Battle of Kosovo.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After achieving a foothold on the European mainland in 1354, the Ottoman Turks attempted to absorb the peoples of the Balkan peninsula. It was not easy going. Serbs, Bulgarians, Bosnians, Albanians vigorously resisted the Turkish advance. As long as they suppressed their tribal rivalries they could hold the Turks at bay such as they did at the Battle of Plocnik in 1387. However, the temptation to make peace with the ever pressing Ottoman juggernaut was always present. The Bulgarians went over to the Ottomans soon after Plocnik and the Turks under Sultan Murad I took advantage of this division to return to the offensive concentrating their forces against Serbia as it was among the most powerful of the eastern Balkan kingdoms. In 1396 Murad moved into Serbia where, on St. Vitus' Day, June 28th, he confronted a combined army of Serbs, Albanians and Hungarians at Kosovo.

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