Lead: Believing that the United States was not hospitable for Blacks, the American Colonization Society was organized to resettle them in Africa.

              Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the years just after the American Revolution a debate began to grip the African-American community. Despite the rhetoric of the Revolution, the new republic was overtly hostile to blacks, slave as well as free. Symbolized by the Three-fifths Compromise by which enslaved blacks were counted in the U.S. Constitution as a mere fraction of a human for the purpose of determining representation in the House of Representatives, the future for African-Americans was by no means assured. Grave doubts ran through the community and its white allies about the prospects for equal treatment in American society.

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