Lead: The rule of English King Richard II was a series of tragedies and ushered in a century of civil war and bloodletting.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After a long reign, King Edward III died in 1377. His pursuit of the French crown had provoked the so-called Hundred Years War, but for most of his later years he was mentally confused. To prosecute the war the King had been forced to beg money from Parliament which in turn had demanded concessions and increased power. If Edward's derangement wasn't enough, the death, in 1376, of his son, Edward, the Black Prince, a popular and successful war leader, further weakened the power of the crown. Thus war, insanity, the Bubonic Plague, disputes within the government, and an absence of clear leadership came to haunt England then forced to depend on the rule of the heir to the throne, the Black Prince's son, 10-year old Richard.

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