Lead: In an attempt to unite a Korea divided along ideological lines, in June 1950, forces of the People’s Democratic Republic invaded the south. At first, they were nearly everywhere successful.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: At the Yalta and Potsdam Peace Conferences near the conclusion of World War II, the allied powers divided the world into spheres of influence. Though its participation in the Pacific theater had been minor, the Soviet Union demanded a say in the future disposition of the Korean peninsula. Korea was divided along the 38th parallel. Initially, the west anticipated that there would be national elections, but in 1948 the powers established rival governments in North and South Korea.