Mujeres Libres II

Lead: During the Spanish Civil War, a women’s liberation movement, Mujeres Libres, free women of Spain, pushed for a far more radical social revolution for women than even their male allies on the left were willing to tolerate.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Even by contemporary standards, the condition of Spanish women in the 1930s was pitiful. Clearly oppressed, women’s wages were half that of men, daughters were handed over to husbands as property, divorce was illegal. Women could not be out at night without a chaperone. Until the War, women’s rights groups focused on minor adjustments such as legalizing divorce, but during the liberating early days of the civil conflict, women’s organizations, allied with anarchist political groups, began to press for serious social change.

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Mary Walker

Lead: Brilliant, stubborn, and independent, Mary Walker led the way in more ways than simple fashion.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: “Why don’t you wear proper clothing? That toggery is neither one thing nor the other!” General William Tecumseh Sherman to Mary Walker, who was the first woman to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor. In her long life Mary Charles Walker rarely bent to society’s demands. She became one of the first women physicians in the U.S., served as an army combat surgeon, and was a life-long participant in the fight for women’s rights. Women need two things, she thought, the right to vote and the right to wear any clothes they desire. She was almost always wore trousers.

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Mary Cassatt II

Lead: In 1877 in Paris, France, young American artist Mary Cassatt received an invitation from Edgar Degas, one of the most celebrated of French Impressionist.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By 1877, Philadelphian Mary Cassatt had settled permanently in Paris. Although her paintings had been accepted by the prestigious but conventional Paris Salon for several years, she grew contemptuous of the jury system of the Salon after one of her finest portraits was rejected because it was too bright and then accepted the following year after she deliberately darkened the background to make it look more academic.

 

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Mary Cassatt I

Lead: In 1866, twenty-two year old Philadelphia artist, Mary Cassatt, against her family’s wishes, moved to Paris. There she became the only American invited to exhibit her works with the “impressionists.”

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Cassatt was born in western Pennsylvania in 1844. She first studied at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts but soon recognized the limitations of study in America, particularly for women, and decided to move to Europe. In Paris, Cassatt studied independently at the Louvre and Ecole des Beaux-Arts until she was forced to leave Paris in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War. Cassatt spent two years traveling throughout Europe studying great painters and then in her thirtieth year, returned to Paris, established a studio and settled permanently.

 

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Amelia Earhart II

Lead: Her name was famous around the world and not just for her epic flying accomplishments. She was a consummate believer that women had an equal place with men, and then over the Pacific in 1937 Amelia Earhart was lost.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Though she grew up in a more conventional Victorian era, Earhart was in spirit a child of the twentieth century. A strong promoter of women’s rights, from childhood she had participated in those arenas usually reserved for boys and then men. She believed that notions of retiring femininity were outdated and everything she did paved the way for women to follow: athletically, professionally, and personally. Her position on the faculty of Purdue University, advising on aeronautics and women’s career opportunities, allowed her to influence a new generation of women leaders.

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Amelia Earhart I

Lead: Among pioneer aviators, only Charles Lindbergh exceeded the fame and accomplishments of Amelia Earhart. She was a model and inspiration for millions, including millions of women.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Born in Victorian-era Kansas in 1897 of a prosperous family, Earhart early on demonstrated an independent spirit, an inclination toward adventure, and robust imagination. She refused to be trapped in the usual roles reserved for girls and then later women, playing a variety of sports and showing a remarkable curiosity about all things mechanical. Yet, Earhart read voraciously and had little difficulty succeeding in the affairs of the mind.

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First Ladies- Caroline Harrison

Lead: During her years as first lady, Caroline Harrison threw herself into a thorough renovation of the White House.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Between the administrations of Grover Cleveland, Benjamin and Caroline Harrison occupied the White House. They were not alone there. Four generations from Caroline's father, ninety-year-old John Scott, to Benjamin Harrison McKee, the couple's two-year-old grandchild, lived there from time to time.

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First Ladies- Francis Cleveland

Lead:  The President of the United States got involved with a twenty-one year old woman. The nation was scandalized.

Intro.:  A Moment In Time with Dan Roberts.

Content:  When Grover Cleveland entered the White House in 1885 he was a confirmed bachelor and likely to remain one. His sisters asked him if he thought of marrying, he told them: “A good many times; and the more I think of it the more I think I’ll not do it.” Imagine lying to his sisters like that.  The sneaky old man had something going on the side all along.

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