Russo-Japanese War II

Lead: In 1904 political forces within both Japan and Russia were pushing their governments toward war.   Leading the war cries in Japan were proto-fascist groups that soon took over Japanese society.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The much anticipated Russo-Japanese War did not go as expected. Most of the world predicted a quick Russian victory, but instead, Japan, whose resistance to outside influence was legendary, had taken full advantage of the five decades since the 1854 visit of U.S. Naval Commodore Perry. In short order, the Japanese Army and Navy sliced through Russia’s formidable and over-confident, but clearly dated and unprepared military establishment.

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Russo-Japanese War I

Lead: Usually the Russo-Japanese War which began in 1904 is studied because of its effects on the Czarist regime in Russia, but it also brought profound changes in Japan which helped lead decades later to World War II.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After initial contact with the wider world through the efforts of Portuguese traders and Roman Catholic missionaries, in the early 1600s the military government of the Tokugowa Shogunate began to restrict foreign contacts and eradicate Japanese “kirishitans.” This resistance to foreign influence and trade ended officially with the visit of U.S. Naval Commodore Perry in 1854.

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Archimedes – Pioneer Mathematician

Lead:  The Roman general Marcellus had met his match. Imagine, a Roman consul beaten back by a mathematician.
            Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: In 212 BC a Roman army under Marcus Claudius Marcellus moved to take the City-State of Syracuse established on Sicily by Greek settlers from Corinth in the eighth century BC. The City was an ally of Carthage, Rome's hated enemy. The King of Syracuse, Hieron II (High-e-rn) asked a seventy-five year old mathematician named Archimedes to organize the Syracuse's defense. This scholar had such a reputation for intensity that legends grew about how he allowed his work to distract him.  Once it is said he worked on a mathematical problem for so long that he neglected to bathe. His friends had to physically drag him to the public baths before he became a danger to the environment. Another legend had him discovering a way of determining the weight of gold and silver in a precious object. This intuition supposedly occurred while bathing. He ran naked through the streets shouting, "Heureka, I've found it." Whether these legends are true or not, Archimedes was a brilliant pioneer mathematician and mechanical genius. 

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France Surrenders to Germany – 1940

Lead: It ended almost before it began. Using lightning tactics perfected in Poland the previous autumn, in May 1940 Germany forced France to surrender.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: For eight months after the collapse of Poland in September 1939, Allied and Axis forces engaged in what in the West was called the Phony War or Twilight War. The Germans named it sitskreig or sitting war.

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