Flying Wedge

Lead: On the last Saturday before Thanksgiving 1892 at Hampton Park in Springfield, Massachusetts, 21,500 fans watched the annual Harvard-Yale football game. After a scoreless first half, the Harvard team surprised its opponents with one of the most spectacular and controversial plays in football history. The "flying wedge" was born.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: As it emerged in the late 19th century, the new American sport of football combined features of English rugby and soccer. Gradually, under the leadership of Walter Chauncey Camp who coached the Yale team from 1888 through 1892, the game adopted many of its distinguishing rules. Yet, from the beginning, football had a reputation for rough, even brutal competition. This was defended by many, including future President Theodore Roosevelt who wrote Camp in March, 1895 that he would not change the game's brutality. Football produced leaders and leaders can't be efficient unless they are manly. To him, rough football produced masculine vigor.

Black Sox Scandal I

Lead: America was just about begin its "return to normalcy" under Warren Gamaliel Harding when in the fall of 1920 a Chicago Grand Jury indicted eight White Sox players for throwing the 1919 World Series in what became the Black Sox Scandal.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1919, the Chicago White Sox were one of the finest teams in the history of baseball. The team's talent was in depth with excellent batting and several positions covered by more than a single outstanding player. In left field was Joe Jackson, one of the game's great hitters. On the mound spit-ball specialist Eddie Cicotte alternated with Claude "Lefty" Williams for pitching honors. They romped through the American League during the season and were highly favored to beat the lack-luster National League contenders, the Cincinnati Reds. However, in one of baseball's most sensational reverses, the White Sox had lost. Even before the first game rumors were flying that the fix was in and that several White Sox players had conspired to throw the series.

The Sultan of Swat: Babe Ruth II

Lead: The experts said Babe Ruth was finished, a has-been, long past his prime. At Wrigley Field one fine fall afternoon, he showed them he had a little left after all.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After two decades of baseball and six years of unparalleled and record-setting play, Babe Ruth was beginning to slow down. Despite his 50 homers average per year from 1926-1931, serious questions were being raised about his ability to continue at such a pace. His personal life had largely calmed down after his second marriage in 1929 but time was beginning to take its toll for the New York Yankee slugger.

The Sultan of Swat: Babe Ruth I

Lead: Into the game of baseball, darkened by scandal, was breathed a burst of fresh air by a big, hard-driving, hard-hitting man known by the name Babe.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: George Herman Ruth, Jr. was born the son of a saloon keeper in Baltimore, 1895. Even as a child he was loud and brash and pushy and most people liked him. His internal energy drove him to constant activity which in turn was invariably getting him into trouble. He played hooky from school, drank beer and whiskey lifted from his father's bar, and was such trouble that his parents finally sent him to St. Mary's School, part industrial training institute, part reform school for boys in trouble.


Say It Ain’t So Joe (Jackson: Baseball History)

Lead: In the annals of baseball few figures are as pitiful as Shoeless Joe Jackson.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Joseph Jefferson Jackson was born in Brandon Mills, South Carolina before the turn of the century. His family was large and very poor. Receiving no formal education he began work in the local textile mill at the age of 13. He began to play baseball and soon caught the attention of Philadelphia Manager Connie Mack who overcame the boy's shyness and started him with the Athletics in 1908.

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Battle of the Sexes (Tennis) II

Lead: Drawn by rich prize money and the taunts of Bobby Riggs, Billie Jean King, the best woman’s tennis player at the time, agreed to a match, the so-called Battle of the Sexes.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: There was a record crowd, for tennis at least, in the Houston Astrodome on September 20, 1973. The television audience was said to exceed 48,000,000. His recent victory over tennis star, Margaret Court, and his arrogant confidence that he would emerge the victor over King, led Riggs and others who believed in him to place bets on the outcome. In part, King believed she could provoke a shift in attitudes toward women athletes if she were able to win. The event took on aspects of a publicity spectacle. King was carried to the court on a golden litter by four muscle-bound men. Riggs followed in a rickshaw pulled by Bobby’s Bosom Buddies, six amply endowed women in a grotesque display of misogyny.

Battle of the Sexes (Tennis) I

Lead: The 1973 tennis match between Billie Jean King and Bobby Riggs may have contributed significantly to the progress of women in sports and other parts of society.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

Content: The 1960s and 1970s were decades of gains for women. The founding of the National Organization for Women, the steadily increasing influx of women into business and the professions, and the passage of Title VII in the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and Title IX in 1972, demonstrated the incremental progress of women in the workforce, domestic life, and sports. Despite this evolution old sentiments die hard. These attitudes were especially strong in the arena of women’s sports. Many felt that women were inferior athletes, unable to compete at the level of their male counterparts.