Independence of Bangladesh III

Lead: In 1947, at the partition of India, two regions were set up, a thousand miles apart which would become a homeland for Muslims and a separate Islamic Republic known as Pakistan. In 1971 East Pakistan declared independence.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: From the beginning the two regions of Pakistan were incompatible. Despite their shared religion, the majority of East Pakistan who spoke Bengali felt their second-class status. Most of the army and civil service came from West Pakistan and spoke Urdu the language of the West. Attempts were made to recruit more Bengalis but by the 1960s only a third of the civil service of East Pakistan came from there. Most of the national budget was spent in the West even though most of national income came from the sale of jute and tea grown in East Pakistan.



Independence of Bangladesh II

Lead: As the date for Indian independence drew closer the Muslim minority began to plan for a separate state.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the months following World War II, it became obvious that Britain would have to give up control of India. It was equally clear that it would have to be partitioned. Factional violence between Hindus and Muslims was growing particularly as the possibility of the British departure became ever more real. In the 1946, the representative of London known as the viceroy, Lord Louis Mountbatten conceived the plan of division. The largest section of the sub-continent was to be the nation of India. Pakistan, divided into East and West regions on either side of India would be an Islamic state.



Independence of Bangladesh I

Lead: In late 1971 the eastern provinces of Pakistan broke away and formed a separate nation. The state of Bangladesh was born.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: The vast sub-continent of India has for centuries been the scene of ethnic and religious conflict with various languages and sects vying for control. The Buddhism that swept over India in the Third Century was soon washed away by Hinduism which itself was supplanted in many areas around A.D. 1200 by militant Islam. One of those regions where the general population was attracted to the Moslem faith was Bengal, the area east of the city of Calcutta and shaped by the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers.