Andrew Johnson’s Impeachment I

Lead: Andrew Johnson's loyalty to the Union during the Civil War landed him in the White House but Abraham Lincoln he was not.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Andrew Johnson stayed in Washington after 1861 and then ran as a Democrat with Republican Abraham Lincoln on the National Union Party ticket in 1864. They won, but shortly thereafter the President was assassinated.

House Divided (Civil War): That Peculiar Institution III

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: By 1850, slavery so dominated the national conversation that few national matters of policy could be discussed without reference to this peculiar institution. To mollify Southern demands, The Compromise of 1850 included a much more severe fugitive slave regime. Rejecting Northern attempts to provide basic rights such as habeas corpus or a jury trial, the law put the onus of proof on the accused escapee and then gave the slave no mechanism for proving their status. The law established Federal commissioners before whom slavers could bring fugitives to circumvent uncooperative anti-slavery local courts. If a commissioner decided for the slave he received five dollars, if he decided for the owner, he received ten dollars, presumably to facilitate the paperwork needed to remand the slave back South.

House Divided (Civil War): That Peculiar Institution II

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Constitution was clear. Slavery was a permitted and permanent fixture in American life. According to Article IV, escaped slaves even had to be delivered up for their owners. As each decade passed the South demanded and Congress delivered ever increasingly effective fugitive slave laws. Those opposed to slavery suspected, with some justification, that those in pursuit were none too scrupulous about correct identification of slaves, often grabbing free blacks instead or even bothering always to bring them before northern local courts to press their claims. In a reversal of the normal regional preference for federal intervention, Northern states began to resist the work of slave catchers and their federal enablers, passing personal liberty laws. These laws gave escaped slaves legal rights and set up barriers to prevent easy capture and return.

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House Divided (Civil War): That Peculiar Institution I

Lead: One hundred and fifty years ago the Republic was facing its greatest crisis. This continuing series examines the American Civil War. It is "A House Divided."

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the history of the American Republic, there is nothing that compares to slavery. It divided the infant nation, at least in part provoked and sustained the greatest war in U.S. history, philosophically poisoned the national charter, retarded the economic development of one of great America’s regions and probably skewed that of all others, and dominated the national conversation for seven decades. It also complicated and excavated one of the important fault lines running through the American experience: the great debate over federal and state power.

Nat Turner Slave Rebellion III

Lead: In the summer of 1831, Nat Turner, a religious mystic convinced that God had called him as a prophet, led a group of followers on a bloody rampage through south-side Virginia in the most serious slave rebellion in U.S. history.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Nat Turner was a gifted and powerful, mesmerizing slave preacher. Nearly all his life Nat Turner could read and write. His owners from the early days encouraged him to read those portions of the Bible that tell slaves to live lives of dutiful and submissive obedience. Yet, he also read subversive portions of the scriptures that gave him hope that one day he might achieve freedom. By the mid-1820s, Nat Turner was attracting large groups of slaves to his preaching services on Sundays near Cross Keys in Southampton County or down near the North Carolina border.

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Nat Turner Slave Rebellion II

Lead: Even as a child, people could tell Nat Turner was exceptional. His intelligence and physical presence marked him for leadership in the slave community of south-side Virginia.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Benjamin Turner owned a small plantation outside the town of Cross Keys in the Virginia county of Southampton, nestled on the North Carolina border 70 miles southeast of Richmond. His land was heavily forested and only about 100 acres were under cultivation. It was enough, however, for him to afford to keep slaves, the mark of status in the South, and in 1799 he bought a slave woman freshly arrived from Africa. He named her Nancy and in the next year she gave birth to Nathaniel.

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Nat Turner Slave Rebellion I

Lead: In August 1831 the southside Virginia county of Southhampton was convulsed by the deadliest slave rebellion in North American history. One of roots of the rebellion was Southern white ambivalence about slavery.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Despite the growing economic dependence upon slave labor in the American South after the Revolution, there was powerful ambivalence among many Southerners about the institution of slavery. It mocked the philosophical foundation of the republic itself, violating the principles animating the Declaration of Independence. Many religious groups were increasingly vocal about the immorality of slavery. Quakers, anti-slavery Baptists, and, before 1800, Methodists vigorously denounced the practice and encouraged slave owners to manumit their slaves. In the North, slavery was gradually eliminated by custom, sentiment, and legal prohibition, so that the South became increasingly isolated in the national debate.

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Missouri Compromise II

Lead: With the U.S. Senate in gridlock over the admission of Missouri to the union as a slave state, policy makers turned to Speaker of the House Henry Clay of Kentucky. He helped broker the Missouri Compromise, both of them.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Until 1819 the national balance between slave and free interests had been maintained by equal representation of the two sides in the United States Senate. Slave and free states had been admitted in alternating rotation. In 1817 Missouri petitioned for admission as a slave state, but an amendment passed in the House threatening to bring slavery to an end in that border state.

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