Lead: Two leaders led Scotland in its long medieval struggle for independence from England, Robert Bruce and William Wallace.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: Throughout the high medieval period, with varying degrees of success, the rulers of England laid claim to be feudal Lord Paramount of Scotland. Whenever there was dispute among the Scottish nobility about succession to the throne, English kings would insert themselves into Scottish politics in an attempt to secure a candidate that would do their bidding. Such a scenario occurred in the years following the death of King Alexander III in 1286. The succession was in dispute for nearly half a decade when English King Edward I intervened, and installed John Balliol as his candidate. Balliol proved himself an uncooperative and rebellious vassal and in 1296 Edward brought an Army north, crushed Balliol and assumed direct rule. It would not prove an easy time for Edward. He soon was forced to deal with one of Scotland’s authentic national heroes.