Battle of Marathon II

Lead: The victory of the Greek forces at the Battle of Marathon helped set the course of western development.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: The ever-expanding Persian empire under Cyrus the Great, Darius and Xerxes came to a halt as it collided with the Greek city-states and their colonies on the Aegean Sea. A powerful invasion force landed at the Bay of Marathon, twenty miles northeast of Athens, in the fall of 490 BC. As was often the case, the democratic Athenians were busy arguing who would command their army even as the Persians were at the gates. Finally, one of the generals, Miltiades, persuaded Callimachus, a civil official, to break the impasse and vote to attack the Persians first. Apparently there was evidence that some Athenians were sympathetic with the invaders and if the City waited too long the seeds of betrayal would undermine its resistance.

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Battle of Marathon I

Lead: On the plain at Marathon, Greek armies met a much larger Persian invasion force. For a time, the outcome was in doubt.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 500 BCE the Persian Empire stretched from India to the shores of the Black Sea. From their capital at Persepolis, Cyrus the Great and his successors, Darius and Xerxes, extended the borders and generally benevolent rule of Persia to most of the civilized world. As they moved west the Persians began to encounter those regions colonized by the major city-states of Greece.

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Yugoslavia II

Lead: In the years after World War II, Yugoslavia was able to find a rough unity because of the power and personality of war hero and national Marxist Josip Broz Tito.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: After the Axis invasion in 1941, Yugoslavia was split between the invading powers. Bosnia was a German province and the rest of the country was divided between Germany, Bulgaria, Italy and Hungary. Croatia attained special status as a Nazi satellite state ruled by the Ustaše, formerly a fascist party. With German backing the Ustaše dominated Croatia and as many as 500,000 people, mostly Serbs, were executed, an atrocity that remains a source of resentment in a region noted for its long memory.

 

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Yugoslavia I

Lead: Yugoslavia was an artifice, pan-Slavic construct in Southern Europe. It was a dream in the minds of its creators that failed to set aside the centrifugal force of nationalism.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Balkans are roughly ranged along the ancient tectonic line of division between the Eastern and Western Roman Empires, but the ethnic, religious and nation divisions that animated that troubled region go back even further. In the heady days at the end of World War I, with empires crashing, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was formed to bring together into a national entity all the rich variety of ethnic groups in the region, eventually including Bosnians, Serbs, Croats, Albanians, Slovenes, Hungarians, Macedonians, and Montenegrins and by this hopefully tamp down some of the tensions that, in part, dragged Europe into that most terrible, and some might say useless, of conflicts in 1914.

 

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Cuba: Fulgencio Batista

Lead: Between the two Cuban Revolutions, Martí to Castro, the nation struggled for economic and political freedom. Hovering over this period like some malignant cloud was the corrupt influence of Fulgencio Batista y Zaldívar.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Other than stability honed from brutal tactics and corrupt practices, history simply cannot accord Fulgencio Batista anything approaching socially or politically beneficial influence. Even as the Castro Revolution revealed its true nature, its Marxist character and its own level of brutality and corruption, few Cubans looked back with longing at the decades of Batista rule.

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The Wit and Wisdom of Winston Churchill

Lead: Of the major leaders of the twentieth century, none is thought to have equalled the speaking ability of Winston Churchill. Many credit his radio speeches during the dark days of World War II as helping to fend off defeat when Britain stood alone against Hitler's war machine.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Ironically, Churchill's rhetorical gifts were not natural. In fact his speeches were carefully crafted and meticulously rehearsed. He lacked a university education and as a member of Parliament early in the century, he encountered glib and eloquent graduates of the Oxford Debate Union and at times was bested by them. From then on he would write his speeches out and memorize them.  

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1968: Democratic National Convention I

 

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control

Content: As the hot summer of 1968 ground to a close, the Democrats prepared to descend on Chicago for their quadrennial gathering. The year had taken its toll. Assassination, riot, an unpopular war and a divided leadership left the Democrats in disarray. Richard Nixon was in the wings ready to take advantage of the Party’s malaise with his Republican arms flung wide in welcome to southerners disdainful of black demands, Americans sick of anti-war hippies, and a segment of society increasingly receptive to his hard-line message of law and order.

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1968: Democratic National Convention II

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: From August 26-29, 1968, the eyes of the political world were fixed on Chicago and nominating convention of the Democratic Party. It was not a pretty sight. Inside the Chicago Amphitheater where the Convention met, the bright divisions within the Party were laid bare for all to see. The issue animating the struggle of course was the Vietnam War. It was seen as Lyndon Johnson’s war, but he was not there to contend for the nomination. Having recognized his unpopularity and problem re-election prospects, in the Spring he had declined to run for a second full term. His heir apparent was Vice-president Hubert Humphrey, former Senator from Minnesota and early champion of civil rights. An old-line liberal, he had been abandoned by many of his colleagues on the left because of his steadfast support for Johnson’s war policy.

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