Battle of Marathon II

Lead: The victory of the Greek forces at the Battle of Marathon helped set the course of western development.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: The ever-expanding Persian empire under Cyrus the Great, Darius and Xerxes came to a halt as it collided with the Greek city-states and their colonies on the Aegean Sea. A powerful invasion force landed at the Bay of Marathon, twenty miles northeast of Athens, in the fall of 490 BC. As was often the case, the democratic Athenians were busy arguing who would command their army even as the Persians were at the gates. Finally, one of the generals, Miltiades, persuaded Callimachus, a civil official, to break the impasse and vote to attack the Persians first. Apparently there was evidence that some Athenians were sympathetic with the invaders and if the City waited too long the seeds of betrayal would undermine its resistance.

Battle of Marathon I

Lead: On the plain at Marathon, Greek armies met a much larger Persian invasion force. For a time, the outcome was in doubt.

Intro.: "A Moment In Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 500 BCE the Persian Empire stretched from India to the shores of the Black Sea. From their capital at Persepolis, Cyrus the Great and his successors, Darius and Xerxes, extended the borders and generally benevolent rule of Persia to most of the civilized world. As they moved west the Persians began to encounter those regions colonized by the major city-states of Greece.

The Wit and Wisdom of Winston Churchill

Lead: Of the major leaders of the twentieth century, none is thought to have equalled the speaking ability of Winston Churchill. Many credit his radio speeches during the dark days of World War II as helping to fend off defeat when Britain stood alone against Hitler's war machine.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Ironically, Churchill's rhetorical gifts were not natural. In fact his speeches were carefully crafted and meticulously rehearsed. He lacked a university education and as a member of Parliament early in the century, he encountered glib and eloquent graduates of the Oxford Debate Union and at times was bested by them. From then on he would write his speeches out and memorize them.  

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1968: Democratic National Convention I

 

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control

Content: As the hot summer of 1968 ground to a close, the Democrats prepared to descend on Chicago for their quadrennial gathering. The year had taken its toll. Assassination, riot, an unpopular war and a divided leadership left the Democrats in disarray. Richard Nixon was in the wings ready to take advantage of the Party’s malaise with his Republican arms flung wide in welcome to southerners disdainful of black demands, Americans sick of anti-war hippies, and a segment of society increasingly receptive to his hard-line message of law and order.

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1968: Democratic National Convention II

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

Content: From August 26-29, 1968, the eyes of the political world were fixed on Chicago and nominating convention of the Democratic Party. It was not a pretty sight. Inside the Chicago Amphitheater where the Convention met, the bright divisions within the Party were laid bare for all to see. The issue animating the struggle of course was the Vietnam War. It was seen as Lyndon Johnson’s war, but he was not there to contend for the nomination. Having recognized his unpopularity and problem re-election prospects, in the Spring he had declined to run for a second full term. His heir apparent was Vice-president Hubert Humphrey, former Senator from Minnesota and early champion of civil rights. An old-line liberal, he had been abandoned by many of his colleagues on the left because of his steadfast support for Johnson’s war policy.

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1968: Democratic National Convention III

Introduction: A Moment in Time, 1968: A special series on the 40th anniversary of a year of upheaval, in a world seemingly out of control.

                Content: Jerry Rubin was a Yippie, the nickname for members of the Youth International Party of which he was a founder. He and his troops descended on Chicago determined to protest the Vietnam War and racism in America. Denied permits to assemble and camp in city parks, the Yippies joined thousands of other activists on the streets of Chicago. In typically purple prose, Rubin warned of momentous events to come: "On Wednesday night the shit is really going to hit the fan 'cause we bust out of this park and go down to Grant Park and then go out to the amphitheater. There're going to be some right strange theatrical events. And you'd better have your theater thing down pretty pat."

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Hubert Humphrey

Lead: In the campaign of 1968 with the civil atmosphere poisoned by unrest and intolerance, Hubert Humphrey nearly overcame the curse of the Vice-presidency.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Vice-president John Nance Garner of Texas, a lively and bright spirit who served with FDR in the 1930s, once described his position as not being worth a bucket of warm spit. He was merely evoking the sentiments of most that have served in that most useless of national offices. A few of its occupants have gone on to greater service but most Vice-presidents have sunk into hard-earned obscurity. One who did not disappear was Hubert Humphrey.

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Anthony Ashley Cooper III

Lead: In June 1666, while in Oxford seeking relief from an internal health disorder, Lord Anthony Ashley Cooper chanced to meet John Locke. Their friendship represented much that was good about the English patronage system.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Aristocratic societies have many major weaknesses. One of the chief of those was their inability to identify and make use of the talented people need to make things run right. Blood, wealth or rank are no guarantee of intelligence or leadership ability. These societies were bound not by the market or elections but by tradition to give control to aristocrats ill-equipped for such control, therefore there is often a talent deficit. Early Modern English society solved that problem with the patronage system. Talented people would be recruited by or attach themselves to wealthy individuals or families in a scheme of mutual benefit. Sometimes they were artists, who could express their talent while in the patron’s support. Often they would teach the children of the wealthy family in exchange for a living.

 

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