The Last Full Measure – Bataan Death March

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Bataan Peninsula juts out into the waters guarding the sea approach to the Philippine capital of Manila. On the west is Subic Bay. Running along its east flank is Manila Bay. Just off Bataan’s southern tip is the oddly shaped island of Corregidor. On Bataan approximately 75,000 U.S and Philippine troops, largely abandoned by the Allied command, held out against hopeless odds against the invading Japanese until the spring of 1942. Soon after their surrender, allied troops were marched off the peninsula in one of the most horrific wartime atrocities in the Asian theater, the Bataan Death March. Nearly 18,000 died.

LFM: Alfred Thayer Mahan

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Perhaps the greatest naval theorist of the modern period, Captain Alfred Thayer Mahan, was afraid of sea duty and avoided it as much as possible, was inclined to sea-sickness, and was inclined to wreck the ships he did command. A brilliant graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy, he disdained the curriculum there as trivial, made no friends, and served with little distinction on blockade duty during the Civil War. Yet he was undoubtedly an intellect and by the late 1880s he had been posted to the Naval War College where he taught history and established the writing career that made him famous.

LFM: P-51 Mustang

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the run-up to the Normandy invasion, the Allies faced a daunting problem. They had to secure air superiority in order to insure the invasion’s success. This meant that they had to destroy the Luftwaffe, the German Air Force. As long as Germany could continue to produce ample quantities of high quality fighter aircraft such as the Messerschmitt 109 and continue to train and bring experienced pilots on line, then the goal of removing German air power would go begging.

LFM – Skip Bombing

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Military innovation is often born of desperate circumstances. When Maj. General George Kenney took over allied air operations in the Southwest Pacific in summer 1942 he faced a daunting set of problems. He had to craft a working relationship with his boss, the brilliant if imperious theater commander General Douglas MacArthur, who had little respect for air power despite the fact that it was the chief offensive weapon he had at his disposal in those perilous months. He had to shape an effective alliance with the Australian Air Force whose two top Air Marshalls detested each other. Then he had to overcome a Japanese enemy whose planes outnumbered his own and up to that point were everywhere ascendant in that part of the Pacific.

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The Last Full Measure – Captain Eddie Rickenbacker

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: His racing exploits earned him the name "Fast Eddie." He participated in the 1912, 1914 1915 and 1916 Indianapolis 500 and ended up years later buying the racetrack and running it until 1945. Yet, it was in the air that Edward Vernon Rickenbacker revealed true genius, courage, and skill. Born the third child of eight to William and Elizabeth Rickenbacker of Columbus, Ohio in 1890, he revealed a daring spirit from almost the beginning. His years as a racecar driver gave him a lucrative income and also brought him into contact with pilots of those newfangled air machines.

LFM- The Golden Thirteen

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose sacrifice gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Content: Despite its long history of racial accommodation, usually born of necessity since it was always having difficulty recruiting sufficient numbers of sailors, by the early twentieth century the U.S. Navy was aping the Jim Crow prejudice of the rest of American society. That began to change for good during World War II with the patriotic torrent of negro recruits after Pearl Harbor and finally with the commissioning in June 1944 of the Golden Thirteen, the first black officers in Navy history.

The Last Full Measure – Jose Nisperos

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose sacrifice gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Content: In September 1911 Philippine Scout Private Jose B. Nisperos, in extremely violent action against Moros insurgents, became the first Asian to receive the Congressional Medal of Honor. That he should be fighting at all at the side of American soldiers in the Philippines emerged from the debate at the highest levels of the US government over whether the United States should become an imperial power. At the conclusion of the Spanish-American war, America received Cuba, Puerto Rico, and the Philippines from Spain. Eventually the imperialist argument won because as an emerging power the US saw economic opportunity in East Asia and wished to have a base there.

The Last Full Measure – Founding of the Coast Guard

Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose sacrifice gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Content: The United States Coast Guard was founded in 1915, but its roots go far back into American history. Other agencies preceded it or became a part of this consolidation: The Revenue Cutter Service, often called the Revenue-Marine, the Lighthouse Service, the Steamboat Inspection Service, the Bureau of Navigation, and the Lifesaving Service.