Henry Ford and the $5 Workday II

​Lead: Faced with declining productivity Henry Ford stumbled upon a novel solution, he improved the working conditions of his workers.
Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.
Content: In 1914, despite a new factory, numerous new machines and carefully planned efficiency programs, the Ford still had problem with turnover. The pay was low and working conditions were less than ideal. Men had little incentive to remain on the job and would float from job to job. Over that year for each 100 jobs in the plant, 963 men had to be hired.

Henry Ford and the $5 Workday

Lead: Henry Ford had a sparkling new factory to make his automobiles, he had perfected the assembly line to assemble them but there was one thing missing.
Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.
Content: In his old factory Henry Ford had been able to produce 14.7 cars a year per worker, therefore was shocked to discover that with the new plant in Highland Park, occupied in 1910, that his productivity had been cut more than in half to 6.7 car a year.

Cyrus McCormick: Inventor and Salesman

Lead: Denied a renewal on his patent for a mechanical reaper in 1848, Cyrus McCormick transformed himself into a marketing genius and blew the competition away.
Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.
Content: In the early 1800s the harvesting of grain had not caught up with other agricultural improvements. You could grow grain in great abundance, particularly in the rich soils of the newly settled mid-west, but getting it out of the ground was a problem. Harvesting wheat was labor intensive. If you could find workers, slave or free, they were very expensive in proportion to the revenue generated by the crop. The first commercially practical reaper for the harvesting of wheat was invented in Rockbridge County, Virginia in 1831 by Cyrus Hall McCormick, the studious and clever son of a blacksmith. It consisted of a vibrating cutting blade, a reel to bring the stalks within reach and a platform to receive the falling grain. This basic design has changed but little in the years since. McCormick took out a patent in 1834 but lost interest until hard times forced him in the late 1830s to consider exploiting his invention. He sold several but discovered that during his absence others had entered the market most especially Obed Hussey whose design was different and whose reaper was popular in Pennsylvania and New York.