Ellis Island II

Lead: Of the 12 million immigrants processed through Ellis Island in New York Harbor between 1892-1924, 250,000 were rejected.               

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Many immigrants arriving in New York Harbor were not aware that they would need to pass medical and legal examinations before they were granted permission to enter. The first test came even before the steamship docked. U.S. government doctors would board the ship and check for contagious diseases: smallpox, yellow fever, measles. Infected passengers were removed (taken to hospitals) and the ship was quarantined until it was safe. After docking in Manhattan, ferryboats or barges would transport immigrants to Ellis Island. There they were tested to determine if fit to enter America.

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Ellis Island I

Lead: Between 1892 and 1924, during the peak years of immigration to the United States, twelve million immigrants entered America through Ellis Island.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Ellis Island is a small spit of territory, one mile south of Manhattan in New York Bay. It was named for merchant Samuel Ellis, who for a short time in the 18th century owned the island. On January 1, 1892 it became an inspection station for immigrants coming through the port of New York. Tougher restrictions after 1924, sharply reduced the number of immigrants entering the United States and the immigration center was used for various purposes until it was closed in 1954. Today forty percent (or 100,000,000 Americans) can trace their roots to Ellis Island. On a busy day, as many as three to five thousand immigrants were processed.

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Highland Immigration to Carolina

Lead: Desperate to escape what they considered oppression by their landlords, beginning in the 1740s thousands of Scots broke the bonds of tradition and affection and laid course for the Cape Fear Valley of North Carolina.

 

                Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts

               

Content: Few social communities in early modern Europe were as loyal and devoted to their land and leaders as the people of northwestern Scotland. In their rugged mountains and wind-swept islands, these Highlander’s struggle for mere existence was intense. Families who hacked a bare living from the sometimes unforgiving soil were deeply loyal to their kinsmen and local chieftains. Yet, as the modern era matured changes that were taking place in the outside world began to affect the Highlands. Late in the 1600s the demand for beef in the urban lowlands and England ushered in the cattle droving business. Huge and highly profitable cattle drives helped concentrate wealth in the hands of an upper-class elite whose new wealth was based on cash.

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Emma Lazarus

Lead: At first reluctant, Emma Lazarus gave in and wrote the words that helped build the symbol of America's welcome.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: The money wasn't coming in and Joseph Pulitzer was becoming very frustrated. Publisher of the New York World, a Hungarian immigrant who fought in the Civil War, Pulitzer had taken, as his personal crusade, the task of raising money to build the pedestal on which the colossus was to rest. The arrangement was that France would supply the statue if the United States would build the base. Work in Paris was on schedule but in America, people did not seem to be very concerned.

 

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