Conflict Over Kashmir II

Lead: For generations the world has watched with deep concern as the territory of Kashmir has been disputed, a prize between two contending and nuclear-armed nations, India and Pakistan.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In January 1949, Kashmir, which lies to the north of both India and Pakistan, was divided by the United Nations. Both India and Pakistan believe they have legitimate claim to the region. Pakistan, a largely Muslim country, considers Kashmir, also majority Muslim, a natural extension. They also believe if a plebiscite (or referendum) were held on the matter as directed by the United Nations, the predominantly Muslim Kashmir would choose to join Pakistan. The government of Pakistan does not recognize that Kashmir ever legally belonged to India.

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Conflict Over Kashmir I

Lead: Just to the north of India and Pakistan and claimed by both is Kashmir. It has been and continues to be a source of ethnic and religious conflict resulting in three wars during the twentieth century.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Kashmir is a beautiful region of southern Asia including sections of the Himalayan and Karakoram Mountain ranges. The Indus River, which is vital to the survival of the population, runs through the most populated areas. Kashmir is almost 86,000 square miles, roughly the size of Minnesota. It is bordered on the west by Pakistan, on the north and east by China. India lies to the south. The name Kashmir is legendary and said to be derived from an ascetic named Kashyapa who reclaimed the land from a vast lake. The land was then called Kashyapamar and was later known as Kashmir.

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Armenian Holocaust IV

Lead: During World War I, Turkish plans for exterminating or deporting the people of Armenia nearly succeeded.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Being allied with Germany during the First World War meant that Turkey could settle once and for all its long-running ethnic and religious feud with the Armenians, a community living in a province in disputed territory east of Turkey near the Caspian Sea. The Russians, principle allies of the Armenians, as well as the British and French could not come to their aid because of the war and they were left pretty much at the mercy, or lack of it, of the much stronger Turkish forces.

 

 

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Armenian Holocaust III

Lead: When the Armenians threatened to break away from the Ottoman Empire, the Turks tried genocide.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The first decade of the twentieth century was not a good one for the Ottoman Empire. Often designated by the great powers with less justification than imagined, the "sick man of Europe," Turkey lost control of Crete and watched as large areas of the Balkans and North Africa slipped from their jurisdiction. With imperial fortunes failing, Turkey became more determined to maintain control of its Asian possessions. This included systematic oppression of the Armenians who inhabited a province bordering the Caspian Sea.

 

 

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Armenian Holocaust II

Lead: Alarmed by the growth of nationalism throughout the region in the 1900s, the Ottoman Empire centered in Turkey began to crack down on ethnic groups such as the Armenians.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Loosed by the French Revolution, throughout the nineteenth century the spirit of Nationalism began to spread across eastern Europe into those areas controlled by the Ottoman Empire, whose Sultan ruled a large part of the Balkans and the Middle East from the Turkish capital of Constantinople. In the 1900s the decay gripping the Empire began to accelerate. More and more, ethnic and religious groups were seeking independence or autonomy.

 

 

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Armenian Holocaust I

Lead: In what many scholars consider the first modern systematic attempt to exterminate a complete ethnic community, the Turkish policy nearly succeeded in wiping out the Armenians.

Intro. : A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: At its zenith during the Roman Empire, the state of Armenia was about the size of England and Wales combined. It stretched from the Black Sea to the Caspian Sea, from the Mediterranean to Lake Urima in present-day Iran. Since that time during century after century this ethnic group has suffered war, conquest, occupation, and internal political disunity.

 

 

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