Cuba: Maximo Gomez y Baez

Lead: In both wars for Cuban Independence, the Ten Years’ War beginning in 1868 and the final conflict in 1895, no leader in tactics, strategy, and inspiration excelled Máximo Gómez y Báez.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Gómez was born of prosperous parents in the Dominican Republic and received training as a Spanish cavalry officer. He commanded reserve troops in the Dominican Republic, and then transferred to Cuba in 1865. Attracted by the ideals and claims of the Cuban independence movement, Gómez joined the revolution in the decade-long first conflict in 1868. He helped modernize tactics among the greatly outnumbered and out-gunned Cuban rebels, particularly the innovative use of the machete. The Cubans were nearly always low on ammunition, typically having only a single bullet to fire at first, but the Spanish soldiers came to fear the machete-wielding mambises who could cut through their traditional infantry squares with relative ease.

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Cuba: José Martí, Apostle of Cuban Independence II

Lead: Poet, revolutionary, novelist, playwright, politician, martyr, José Martí, provided the theoretical underpinning for the Cuban Revolution in the 1890s and then with his own sacrifice, kicked it into life.

 Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 Content: Ironically, all parts of the Cuban political spectrum, democrat to Marxist, look to José Martí as the inspiration of the Revolution. Beginning in the early 1890s he devoted all his energies to the cause of independence from Spain. He formed the Revolutionary Party and began recruiting the leadership for what was going to be a long struggle against the entrenched power of Spain and those Cubans allied by sentiment and economics to the island’s status quo. 

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Cuba: José Martí, Apostle of Cuban Independence I

Lead: Of the leaders that secured Cuban freedom from Spain none ranks higher in respect and admiration than Don José Julián Martí y Pérez. Among the people he was known as the Apostle of Independence.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Martí was born in Havana in 1853, the son of sergeant in the Spanish army’s Royal Artillery Corps. By the time he was a teenager, the differences between Father and son over many issues such as slavery were apparent. Martí despised the cruelty in the institution of slavery. He returned to Cuba for his schooling.

 

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Baseball and Cuban Independence – Part I

Lead: Considered the national pastime of the United States, baseball was one of the decisive factors in bringing independence to Cuba.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Cuba in the last half of the 1800s was growing restless after centuries of Spanish rule. Several open rebellions had been suppressed by the Madrid government but this only served to intensify the Cuban desire for independence. Tensions between criollos, people born on the island and peninsulares, people from Spain, was growing as the justification for colonialism became less and less appealing for the islanders.

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Baseball and Cuban Independence – Part II

Lead: The game of baseball fed the dreams of Cuban independence.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: "Public festivals have an enormous importance in the life of each nation and offer one of the clearest indicators of the level of civilization at which each is found." So said Cuban philosopher-poet, Enrique Jose Varona. He was comparing bullfighting to baseball. One is a spectacle of blood inclining the watchers to homicidal passion, the other a symbol of moral progress.

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