First Continental Congress – Part II

Lead: When in September 1774, the First Continental Congress met in Carpenters’ Hall in Philadelphia, tensions between Great Britain and her rebellious colonies had reached fever pitch. 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

                Content: After the Boston Tea Party the previous year the English Parliament passed what the colonists called the Intolerable Acts. In protest a convention of delegates from the colonies gathered in Philadelphia to organize resistance to the acts and to facilitate colonial unity. This convention came to be known as the First Continental Congress. It was made up of fifty-six delegates from twelve of the thirteen colonies since Georgia’s royal governor had been able to block his delegates from attending. The convention met in September and October. Leaders of the congress included Samuel Adams, John Jay, George Washington, Patrick Henry, Richard Henry Lee, John Adams, and Peyton Randolph of Virginia, who was elected President. With a few exceptions, those gathering in Philadelphia this time did not want  independence but rather used the meeting to express grievances against royal policy and persuade the London government to recognize the colonials basic rights. Read more →

First Continental Congress – Part I

Lead: In early spring 1774 the British Parliament angered over colonial insubordination passed a series of acts that would prove the law of unintended consequences. They would a revolution. 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: Just before Christmas the previous year in Boston harbor, colonial agitators, disguised as native Americans, removed thousands of pounds of British East India Company Tea from cargo holds and threw it in the water. The Company was in debt and needed a political boost. It was able to persuade Parliament to permit the sale of tea direct to American consumers thereby undercutting local merchants. A tiny little import tax was assigned to the tea. Thus followed the Boston Tea Party. This act of defiance sent the House of Commons into a rage and in retaliation it passed what was known in America as the Coercive or Intolerable Acts. The port of Boston was closed until restitution was paid British East India, the independent legislative  powers of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts were restricted, British officials, arrested in America, were removed from colonial jurisdiction and transported to England for trial and colonials were required to quarter royal troops in their homes.

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