Edward Gibbon Wakefield and Rational Colonialism – I

Lead: In May 1827 London’s Newgate Prison had a new prisoner. Who could have imagined that this new inmate would become one of England’s most influential social critics and help change the destiny of a worldwide empire?

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: Edward Gibbon Wakefield was the spoiled son of prominent, politically well-connected London Quaker family. He piddled his way through school, but was possessed of a certain charm and the skills of the intellectually glib. He landed a job as a diplomatic courier for the Foreign Service on the Continent and persuaded a rich heiress, 16-year old Eliza Anne Frances Pattle, to elope with him. The resulting settlement from her estate provided for him generously and they started a family. Eliza died at the birth of their second child Edward in 1820.

Anglo-Zulu War – III

Lead: The war went well for the Zulu at first. British military incompetence produced some early victories for the Africans, but the defense of their homeland against the Europeans was in the end a hopeless cause.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

               

Content: Chief Cetyshwayo knew he was going to lose. He had watched the slow encroachment of European civilization, Dutch Afrikaners from the west, Brits from Natal, as they crowded the once powerful Zulu nation in Northeastern South Africa. He even secured a British agent, John Dunn, to advise when dealing with his adversaries, but by 1878 it was clear that London had decided that Zulu power had to be broken.

               

Anglo-Zulu War – II

                Lead: The Anglo-Zulu War of 1879 arose from conflicting aspirations of the Zulu, prospectors for gold and diamonds, Christian missionaries, and Dutch and British settlers frontier in South Africa’s Natal province.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: In 1838 the decades old expansion of the Zulu nation in northeastern South Africa was abruptly halted at the Battle of Blood River. 3000 Zulu warriors were killed in a bloody confrontation with Afrikaner voortrekkers under Andries Pretorius. The Zulu retreated into their tradition homeland north and east of the Tugela River in Natal province. Their powerful army and centralized government allowed them to remain independent of European encroachment for more than four decades. By the mid-1870s this autonomy was under serious threat.

Entente Cordiale I

Lead: Relations between the French and the British were wary at best from the middle ages. They were antagonists until an even greater threat brought them together.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1066 William, Duke of Normandy, a province in Northwestern France, invaded southern England and defeated the Saxon ruling house at the Battle of Hastings. Gradually his henchmen supplanted the Saxon nobility and England was dominated by French rulers and directly embroiled in French affairs at least until the end of the Hundred Years War in the 1450s. As the centuries passed, these two great national states circled around each other with a wariness that bordered on antagonism, sometimes seeking détente, sometimes in open conflict.