Canberra: Capitol of Australia – II

Lead: The site chosen for its new capital chosen, Australia turned to an international competition to choose the designer. The winner was an American of the Prairie School of Architecture, Walter Burley Griffin.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: Walter Griffin was considered part of the Prairie School of Architecture, the most prominent proponent of which was Frank Lloyd Wright, who employed Griffin for several years after 1901. Functional, of economic design, and unpretentious, Prairie School Houses were designed to fit into their surroundings. In 1912, Griffin was selected to design the new capitol of Australia southwest of Sydney.

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Canberra: Capitol of Australia I

Lead: With the coming of the Australian Federation in 1901, the new constitution required the establishment of a capitol. Not Sydney, not Melbourne, but an entirely new seat of government.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: Prior to 1900 the continent of Australia was divided between six separate European colonies: New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, Queesland, Western Australia and Southern Australia. In the debates leading to Federation, regional rivalries were so intense, particularly between Sydney and Melbourne, that  the price for agreement was a new capitol, in New South Wales, but at least 100 miles from Sydney.

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Settlement of Australia – II

Lead: In 1788 Europeans began settling in Australia. Until the 1840s a significant number of these settlers were convicts transported by Britain to relieve the population of its prisons. 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

                Content: When it became impossible to send surplus convicts to America after Independence, the British government, after considerable debate, sent them to Australia. There over the next fifty years England dropped its convict population, slowly at first and then after 1815 in large numbers.

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Settlement of Australia – I

Lead: With the loss of its North American colonies Great Britain had to find another place to send its convicts. It chose the uninhabited eastern region of New South Wales, destination: Botany Bay.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: One of the important means by which England assisted in the development of America was a steady supply of convict labor in the 1600s and 1700s. For a fee, contractors would ship surplus convicts to employers in the colonies, particularly Georgia and Maryland. There they would augment the free and slave labor supply, work off their sentence and usually remain to bolster the population of the colonies. This so-called transportation trickled to a stop and died after 1776.

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Phar Lap

Lead: Despite a heroic past Australia is a nation with few real national heroes. Few would deny, however that one of them was a big, red horse named Phar Lap.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content: In his youth Phar Lap, whose name in Thai is the word for “lightening,” did not seem a likely prospect for heroic status. The gelding was born in Timaru, New Zealand in 1926, bought for about $336 and arrived in Australia, painfully thin, with warts all over his face and lacking very much elemental grace. His trainer, Harry Telford, however, believed he had the makings of champion. Phar Lap was of large sturdy construction and later was found to have an enormous heart of near freakish size. He could sprint and also hang in there for the distance. Around the stable the horse was known as Bobby and there he met his soon-to-be inseparable companion, stableboy Tommy Woodcock.

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Azaria Chamberlain and Media Power – II

Lead: In August 1980 nine-week old Azaria Chamberlain disappeared from the family camping tent near Ayers Rock in central Australia. Her parents became the center of a firestorm of hype demonstrating the power of the popular media for good or ill.

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

                Content:  Ridiculous rumors were rife. The name Azaria, people said, meant sacrifice in the wilderness. The child had been seen in black baby clothing, or maybe white baby clothes with a black fringe. She had been mentally injured in an accident and since her parents Seventh Day Adventist faith allegedly rejected such a condition, Azaria had been taken to the Rock and ritually killed. Her mother Lindy suffered from depression. A dingo couldn’t drag an infant off, tear it out of a buttoned up jumpsuit and eat it.

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Azaria Chamberlain and Media Power – I

Lead: In the winter of 1980, nine-week-old Azaria Chamberlain disappeared from the family tent near Ayers Rock in central Australia. Her mother said, “The dingo’s got my baby.” Others were not so sure.

 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

 

                Content: Ayers Rock, known to indigenous Australians as Uluru, is the world’s largest monolith, a single structure of course grained limestone, 318 meters above and 3.5 miles the below the desert floor near Alice Springs in Northern Territory of Australia. Depending on the hour and climatic conditions the rock can radiate spectacular variety of color. Thousands visit each year to examine its unique characteristics or to worship.

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