Haynes-Webster Debate III

Lead: Their debate may have begun on the questions of tariffs and sale of cheap western land, but in January 1830, Hayne and Webster really were debating the future of the Union.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In 1830 many southerners thought tariffs hurt the sales of cotton overseas. Many westerners were angered that the federal government was considering cutting back on the sale of cheap land which was one reason people were moving west. For decades this was a powerful alliance of convenience, but in January 1830 the debate over land boiled over into a argument over the Constitution. On one side was Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina. He believed that a state could cancel or nullify any federal law it thought wrong. He was opposed by Daniel Webster.



Haynes-Webster Debate II

Lead: Starting out to debate high tariffs and the sale of cheap western land, in January 1930 Senators Robert Y. Hayne and Daniel Webster got sidetracked.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Founders settled a number of important issues when they constructed the United States, but the Constitution of 1787 left untreated several key matters. One was the running sore of slavery and closely associated with that was the unresolved question of states’ rights. The several sovereign states had come together to form the Union, but what powers did they retain? In 1830 high tariffs on imported goods were threatening the overseas sale of southern cotton. Dixie congressmen were hoping to find common cause with westerners also threatened in their case by a proposed halt in the sale of cheap federal land.



Haynes-Webster Debate I

Lead: The argument over tariffs led to the Hayne-Webster debate.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Throughout U.S. history there has been a running dispute over trade. Competing regions and political parties have tried to use the taxing power of the federal government, which alone can place a tax on imported goods, to give them an advantage. In the 1800s Northern states were often in favor of high tariffs on imported goods, particularly from England, because a big tax on imports meant they would cost a lot more than items made in the USA, thus protecting American infant industry. The South with very little manufacturing, wanted the lowest possible tariff so that when southerners went overseas to sell their cotton, tobacco and grain they would not face high import tariffs imposed by foreign governments in retaliation for high U.S. tariffs. Each region was out for its own best interest. In 1828 Congress passed the so-called "Tariff of Abominations." It protected northern manufacturers, but was bad for the south.