FDR and Court Packing II

Lead: With the New Deal set at peril, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt faced a U. S. Supreme Court that was decimating his legislative agenda through the process of judicial review.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In over two centuries of sometimes radical social and economic change, the United States Constitution has remained relatively undisturbed. It is essentially the same document ratified by the infant nation in the late 18th Century. After the Bill of Rights, only sixteen times has use been made of the intricate amending procedure proscribed in Article V. Constitutional change by amendment is possible but not easy, therefore other techniques have been used to adapt constitutional structures to the needs of a changing world.

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FDR and Court Packing I

Lead: In 1935 and 1936 the U.S. Supreme Court struck down important pieces of President Franklin Roosevelt's legislative agenda. The New Deal was in peril and FDR decided to take on the Court.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Franklin Roosevelt came to his political majority during the heady adolescence of progressivism in America. Under his Presidential cousin Teddy and Woodrow Wilson, the constitutional power of the President was interpreted broadly and the role of the Federal government was expanded. Anti-trust legislation to a certain degree began to reign in the power of corporations, with the Interstate Commerce Act the government began to regulate the passage of goods within the nations, and the Federal Reserve began to introduce some regulation to the banking system.

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Sacco and Vanzetti III

Lead: The trial of Sacco and Vanzetti has continued to spark controversy long after their execution.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: This much is certain. On April 15, 1920 a payroll clerk and his guard were robbed and killed in South Braintree, Massachusetts. There were three involved and two more in the getaway car, a Buick. Sacco and Vanzetti, two Italian immigrants, friends involved in anarchist politics, were arrested after trying to pick up a similar car from a local garage. Harassed by the mechanic, they fled in a suspicious manner. After that the case is powerful but largely circumstantial.

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Sacco and Vanzetti II

Lead: Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti emigrated to America to find a better life. The transition to their new home proved a difficult one.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Nicola Sacco came from a prosperous farm family in southern Italy. He arrived in the United States when he was seventeen and married Rosina in 1913. He was a hardworking shoe repairman who spent much of his spare time in his garden often giving excess produce to poor families in the area. He became attracted to the cause of anarchism and during World War I he fled the country to avoid the draft.

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Sacco and Vanzetti I

Lead: The trial and execution of two Italian immigrants in the 1920s exposed important fault-lines in the social fabric of twentieth century America.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: On April 15, 1920, F.A. Parmenter, paymaster of a shoe factory in South Braintree, Massachusetts and his twenty-eight year old security guard, Alessandro Berardelli were robbed and murdered during a routine transfer of payroll funds. Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were arrested, tried, convicted, and eventually executed for the crime. That authorities settled on this pair said less about their guilt, which remains in dispute to this day, than it does to the circumstances surrounding their prosecution.

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