The Great Trek – II

Lead:  The challenge to their way of life becoming unbearable, South Africans of Dutch ancestry in the 1830s moved away from the Cape Colony in the Great Trek.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: When the British took control of the Cape of Good Hope in the early 1800s, they instituted changes increasingly considered unacceptable by settlers on the fringes of the colony of mostly Dutch ancestry who called themselves Afrikaners. Disputes over the treatment of native black and mixed race Africans many of whom the Afrikaners held in slavery, the new charges for land which theretofore had been free, and the inability or unwillingness of the British to provide the Dutch security from attack by natives from across the colony's frontier, intensified the Afrikaner desire to get away from the colony and live on their own.

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The Great Trek – I

Lead:  To escape what they considered to be invasions of their privacy and polluting influences, South Africans of Dutch ancestry in the 1830s began to migrate northeast away from the Cape Colony in what has come to be known as the Great Trek.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The earliest Europeans to settle the Cape of Good Hope at the southern-most tip of Africa were placed there by the Dutch East India Company in 1652. Their purpose was to provide a haven and provisions for ships carrying goods back and forth between Holland and southeast Asia. Until the beginning of the 1800s the Company had ruled the colony with a light hand leaving the settlers mostly to their own devices. During the wars against Napoleon, Britain secured the Cape Colony and looked up it as an important outpost on the colonial lifeline to India.

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