Frederic Douglass I

Lead: "All the other speakers seemed tame after Frederick Douglass. He stood there like an African Prince, majestic in his wrath."Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Elizabeth Cady Stanton knew her activists. It was an age of moral agitation and she would go on to great fame at the side of Susan B. Anthony in the service of women's rights. That day in the mid-1800s when Frederick Douglass spoke to an antislavery meeting in Boston, Stanton was as moved as the rest at the sound of his voice and the moral imperative of his message.

Douglass was an escaped slave. Raised by his grandmother on a Chesapeake Bay plantation, at the age of six he began his work under Captain Aaron Anthony, the white farm manager and, so some of the slaves said, Frederick's father. In later years, he would make vivid to audiences throughout the North the picture of life as a slave.

Miss Maggie Walker of Richmond

Lead: One of the most remarkable women of the twentieth century was the daughter of an ex-slave.

Intro.: "A Moment in Time" with Dan Roberts.

Content: Turn-of-the-century Richmond, Virginia had come back from the Civil War. With their city the Black Community of Richmond was enjoying a comparable renaissance. Blacks owned and operated stables, retail stores, restaurants and were making an important contribution to the industrial growth of the New South.

 

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Buffalo Soldiers II (African American Soldiers after the Civil War)

 

Lead: During the Indian wars, the Buffalo Soldiers, units made up of African Americans, served with great distinction.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Of the Native American clans who inhabited the West during the white settlement of the frontier, none were more resistant than the Apache. Unlike northern plains Indians, Sioux, Cheyenne, or Commanche, who fought mostly to keep miners, ranchers and hunters off their reserved territory, the Apache had lived for centuries alongside Spanish and then Mexican villages, sometimes attacking, sometimes trading with their white neighbors. They were consummate mountain guerrilla warriors, able to spring from ambushes with deadly effect and then cleverly elude their pursuers.

Buffalo Soldiers I (African American Soldiers after the Civil War)

Lead: Following the Civil War, U.S. Army regiments made up of African American soldiers proved themselves among the most efficient and professional fighting men in the Indian Wars.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: During the Civil War over 180,000 blacks served in volunteer regiments fighting with the U.S. Army. They filled out units and even comprised one entire corps, the 25th, which helped occupy Richmond in the closing days of the war. Despite valiant and faithful service in the face of great danger, no African American troops were allowed to serve in regular army units. That all changed in the summer of 1866 when four infantry and two cavalry regiments were created by Congress to be made up exclusively of black enlisted men. Most of their service was on the frontier where Indian opponents nicknamed them Buffalo Soldiers.

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George Washington Carver Part II

Lead: In 1896 agricultural scientist George Washington Carver received a unique invitation. It came from American educator Booker T. Washington.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: At this time George Washington Carver had just been appointed to the faculty of Iowa State College – the school’s first African American faculty member. Carver already had a national reputation in the field of agricultural research. Washington asked Carver to come to Alabama to create the agriculture program at Tuskegee Institute. “I cannot offer you money, position or fame. The first two you have… These… I ask you to give up. I offer you in their place: work—hard, hard work, the task of bringing a people from degradation, poverty, and waste…. Your department exits only on paper and your laboratory will have to be in your head.” Carver spent the rest of his life at Tuskegee.

 

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George Washington Carver Part I

Lead: George Washington Carver, a child born into slavery in 1864, would become one of the most renowned and successful of the world’s agricultural scientists.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: George Washington Carver was born to slave parents during the Civil War in Diamond Grove, a small town in southwest Missouri. His birthplace boiled throughout the war in a running conflict between free soil advocates and slaveholders. Carver’s father died accidentally shortly before his birth. Cast adrift and vulnerable, the boy and his mother were kidnapped by slave raiders. Carver was sick with whooping cough and was ransomed by his owners for a horse valued at three hundred dollars. Carver’s mother was never seen again. After emancipation, the orphaned Carver and his brother were taken in by their former owners, Moses and Susan Carver, a kind, childless German couple, who raised them as their own.

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Time Capsule 1960: Greensboro Sit-Ins begin February 1, 1960

Lead: Beginning in early 1960, attempts by black college students to integrate the lunch counter at the Elm Street Woolworth’s Department Store in Greensboro, N.C. gave start to the sit-in movement.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Since the Brown v. Board decision by the Supreme Court in 1954, pressure had begun to build in the black community to take direct action to end segregation in other parts of society. Particularly galling were the laws providing for “whites-only” public accommodations such as eating establishments. Department and drug stores such as Woolworth’s, Kress, Walgreen’s and Thalheimer’s in towns and cities across the south provided quick food and cheap eating services, usually lunch counters as a convenience for customers, students or workers on lunch breaks. African-Americans were denied access to these counters despite the fact that they were loyal customers in other parts of the stores.

Oscar Peterson

Lead:  Oscar Peterson, the Canadian piano virtuoso, made a surprise appearance at Carnegie Hall on September 18, 1949. It was his debut. He dazzled the audience.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: One of the finest jazz pianists of the twentieth century, Oscar Peterson was born in Montreal in 1925. His father was a railroad porter, a self-taught pianist, who insisted that the five Peterson children take classical piano lessons. For Oscar it became far more than a chore. He recalled stealing out of bed to the downstairs radio and holding his head close to the speaker so as to not awake his parents, engrossed as he was by the sounds of Ellington and Basie and the like.