Lead: While Francisco Franco and his fascists slowly led Spain into its post-war economic and political recovery, he maintained a wary relationship with one of his key allies, the Roman Catholic Church.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: From the medieval period, Spain was one of the bulwarks within the Catholic constellation. Yet, through periods of church weakness and strength, the government in Madrid insured that the state was supportive of the church, but also retained significant control over church affairs inside Spain. The two were convinced that the survival of church and state, of order and morality were dependent upon a close if tense alliance, and that if they did not embrace one another, both would collapse.