Lead: In the decades following the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939, Spain moved through terrible partisan blood-letting, fascist repression, but finally, fitfully into a mostly liberal democratic society.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: In the early 1930s, it seemed as though Spain might just cast away centuries old shackles of tradition, religion and autocratic government and move into the modern world. Unfortunately, such was not to be. In ways similar to events in Germany and Italy, forces of reaction and conservatism rose up and smashed the liberalizing tendencies of a society hungry for progress and freedom. The nationalist revolt in 1936 led by Generalisimo Francisco Franco Bahamonde against Spain’s legitimately elected government, aided by Hitler’s Germany and Mussolini’s Italy, finally ground out the resistance of the armies loyal to the state.