Lead: In 1935 the United States became the last major industrial nation to adopt a system of general social insurance. Today Social Security is a national success story, but it did not come easily into being.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: One of the great universal human longings is for security. Over the centuries various schemes have arisen to address fears of economic deprivation, unemployment, illness, disability, death and old age. In Medieval Europe guilds, trade organizations, which regulated production and sales, also provided members relief in times of poverty, sickness or death. The Christian church, particularly the regular clergy, members of monastic orders, was an on-going source of relief for the poor and destitute.