Lead: In 1788 Europeans began settling in Australia. Until the 1840s a significant number of these settlers were convicts transported by Britain to relieve the population of its prisons. 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

                Content: When it became impossible to send surplus convicts to America after Independence, the British government, after considerable debate, sent them to Australia. There over the next fifty years England dropped its convict population, slowly at first and then after 1815 in large numbers.