Lead: With the loss of its North American colonies Great Britain had to find another place to send its convicts. It chose the uninhabited eastern region of New South Wales, destination: Botany Bay.
Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.
Content: One of the important means by which England assisted in the development of America was a steady supply of convict labor in the 1600s and 1700s. For a fee, contractors would ship surplus convicts to employers in the colonies, particularly Georgia and Maryland. There they would augment the free and slave labor supply, work off their sentence and usually remain to bolster the population of the colonies. This so-called transportation trickled to a stop and died after 1776.