Lead:  One of the regular targets of the wit of Samuel Johnson, eighteenth century England’s man of letters, were the Scots. He once said, The noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever sees is the high road that leads him to England.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content:  Since 1603 England and Scotland had been governed by the same monarch, yet relations were often strained and Scotland remained an independent state until the Act of Union in 1707 merged the two states as the United Kingdom of Great Britain. It is from that point that the two nations were merged and became British rather than English or Scottish. Over the next century, Britain surged ahead of the world in industrial development, established its dominance over the sea lanes, built and lost its first empire, and grew itself into the wealthiest power in the world with London as the worldwide center of commerce, trade and culture.

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