Lead: The so-called Pledge of Allegiance, a salute to the American flag for school children, written in 1892, has been modified and is the source of controversy.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: The Pledge was first published in a youth magazine. The salute was recited by school children across America on Columbus Day 1892 as part of a nationwide celebration of the 400th anniversary of the explorer’s epic first voyage to the New World. The Pledge was not at first credited with an author, but in subsequent years Baptist minister and editor Francis Bellamy was determined to have penned the simple and succinct expression of devotion to flag and nation. In 1939 the United States Flag Association reviewed the evidence and determined that Bellamy was indeed the author of the pledge, and in 1957 this was confirmed by the Library of Congress.

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