Lead: A curious combination of entrepreneurial creativity and philosophical socialism, Narcis Monturiol developed and built the first successful submarine in 1859. 

                Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts. 

                Content: Narcis Monturiol Estorial was born in the Catalan fishing village of Figuras 1819 on the coast of northeastern Spain. He completed his law degree in Barcelona at the age of 24 and like many European intellectuals of the 19th century was early on infected with a lifelong attachment is socialist. He became editor of the progressive activist publications and for a time was tempted to become a part of a pacifist brotherhood, the Icarians, who were attempting to settle a socialist utopian community in America.

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