Lead: The longevity and success of the Moorish kingdoms of Spain was due in part to the brilliant culture and advanced technological achievements of their societies. For nearly eight centuries Muslim Spain resisted the completion of the Christian reconquest.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: For some time students of medieval Europe have marveled at the contrast between so-called Christian regions and the dazzling Moorish cities of Southern Spain. While cities such as Paris and London were hardly more than collections of huts connected by mud-caked streets without illumination, Cordova, the capital of the Muslim caliphate could boast a population well over one half million, a people inhabiting 113,000 houses, worshipping in 700 mosques, seeking relief and cleansing in 300 public bathhouses and enlightenment in more than seventy libraries. It’s streets were paved and lighted. Its houses had a form of central heating and many were surrounded by gardens with fountains and orchards.

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