Lead: It is possible that the Middle East might have avoided becoming embroiled in the First World War had it not been for the scheming of Enver Pasha.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.            

Content: Despite internal weakness, the Ottoman Empire, which for centuries prior to 1900 had dominated a large part of Middle East, still ruled at least nominally upward of twenty million people in the Balkans, Turkey, Palestine and Transjordan. Yet, the many problems and persistent conservatism of the Empire had generated efforts at reform and occasional revolts. The most significant rebellion came in 1908 led by a secret society within the Army known as the Young Turks. One of the organizers of the Young Turk Revolution was Enver Pasha. Coming from meager origins, Enver joined the Young Turks as an apprentice officer and in 1913 led the coup d’état that restored his party to power. He became Ottoman Minister of War in 1914 and just before the outbreak of hostilities in Europe secured a secret treaty with the Germans.

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