Lead: The most notorious mutiny in the history of the United States Navy grew out of Matthew Perry's desire to reform the training of young officers.

Intro. A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Matthew Calbraith Perry, the younger brother of War of 1812 naval hero Oliver Hazard Perry, had a long, illustrious career in the Navy. Through his forceful diplomacy in the 1850s, the younger Perry opened Japan to trade with the outside world. He also displayed a talent for administrative innovation and in the early 1840s came up with a new way of training officers. In the early years of the United States Navy, in a custom carried over from British naval tradition, certain ship's boys with leadership potential were designated midshipmen and received the special training necessary to become officers.