Lead: After the Supreme Court ruled in 1954 that separate black schools were unconstitutional, Virginia’s white leadership resisted desegregation using legislation and theory, a campaign known as massive resistance.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: From its founding by Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr, the Democratic-Republican Party, now known as the Democrat Party, was an alliance of Northern urban, usually immigrant groups, and Southern agricultural interests. It dominated American politics from 1800 until 1856. The growing sectional conflict leading up to the Civil War split the party and, because they were seen as champions of the Union, political dominance shifted to the Republicans. Outside Northern cities, about the only place Democrats held significant power was in the South where by 1900 racist white conservatives had begun to erect the discriminatory edifice of laws suppressing black civil rights that came to be known as Jim Crow.

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