Lead: Few figures in Russia's vast and interesting history have elicited the same degree of fear as has Ivan the Terrible or more precisely Ivan the Awesome.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: With that fascinating combination of religious devotion and personal cruelty, Czar Ivan was a contemporary of Elizabeth the First of England. Ivan began his reign as a three year old at the death of his father and only slowly was able to wrest authority from the nobles who ruled in his name. His first attempt at independent action set the tone of his long and infamous career. At the age of thirteen Ivan ordered the arrest of one of leaders of the faction that were struggling for power at court. Prince Andrey Shuysky was then brutally murdered by the keeper of Ivan's dogs. He once had the tongue cut from the mouth of an impertinent nobleman who dared to criticize him.