Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose devotion gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Intro.: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: On April 12, 1861, the first military engagement of the Civil War began in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina. Fort Sumter was one of three Federal forts guarding the approaches to Charleston Harbor, one of the best anchorages on the east coast. After Lincoln won the presidential election of November 1860, on December 20, South Carolina passed an order of secession, followed by six other states in the Deep South. Then South Carolina and other states began seizing Federal properties. On December 26th, Major Robert Anderson, the Federal commander of the three forts at Charleston, relocated his small garrison to Fort Sumter, which, at more than three miles out in the harbor, was less vulnerable to attack.

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