Lead: For 400 years service men and women have fought to carve out and defend freedom and the civilization we know as America. This series on A Moment in Time is devoted to the memory of those warriors, whose sacrifice gave, in the words of Lincoln at Gettysburg, the last full measure.

Content: Despite its long history of racial accommodation, usually born of necessity since it was always having difficulty recruiting sufficient numbers of sailors, by the early twentieth century the U.S. Navy was aping the Jim Crow prejudice of the rest of American society. That began to change for good during World War II with the patriotic torrent of negro recruits after Pearl Harbor and finally with the commissioning in June 1944 of the Golden Thirteen, the first black officers in Navy history.

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