Lead: In the years leading up to the American Civil War the territory of Kansas was the scene of extensive guerrilla warfare. James Henry Lane led a band of free-soil raiders.

Intro: A Moment in Time with Dan Roberts.

Content: Lane grew up in Indiana, studied and practiced law there and as a colonel distinguished himself leading Indiana regiments in the Mexican War. Returning home he served as lieutenant governor and as a Democratic representative to the Congress of 1853. In Washington he was known as a pro-slavery democrat and supported the Kansas-Nebraska Act. This was a legislative compromise on the question of slavery that enshrined the principle of squatter sovereignty. Whether slavery would be permitted in Kansas was to be determined by the majority of settlers. The group, pro-slave or free, who got there first with the most made the decision.